Perhaps the most pressing question with regard to the Twelve Yisra'eli Tribes is, Where are the descendants of the Twelve Tribes today? There are many accounts which purport to give information regarding these tribes, some of them more credible than others.
The best manner in which to present this information is to proceed with a recapitulation of the account of the last days in which the kingdoms of Yisra'el and Yehudah occupied their homeland, before the Assyrian and Babylonian exiles which removed first Yisra'el, and later Yehudah, from their homeland. Although Yehudah (along with some accompanying Levites and Benyamites) returned to Eretz Yisra'el en masse some 130 years after the Babylonian exile, Yehudah would continue to endure in the Land until the Romans utterly destroyed Yerushalyim around the year 3830 (70 CE) during their occupation of Judæa.
Some of the best-supported explanations offered for the fate of the Ten Lost Tribes, as they are usually known, have their roots in newly-discovered writings from the Assyrian and Mesopotamian regions. These archæological finds are generally in the form of clay tablets and inscribed monuments which detail the deportation of large numbers of people identified as Isakeans (sons of Yitzhaq?) by the Assyrians to areas to the North of Palestine, and also give modern-day scholars more plausible accounts of their continuing history in exile, allowing their migratory paths to be traced into what is now Asian Turkey, across the Bosphorus Strait into southern Europe.
There exist various other accounts given to explain the unwritten history of the Ten Lost Tribes, some of which are baseless claims by racial supremacists declaring themselves to be the sole surviving scions of Yisra'el. These sorts of claims present either little or no proof for their alleged entitlement as Sons of Yisra'el, nevertheless, they exist in numbers. Fortunately, it takes little exposure to such ideas to realise that their claims are fraudulent, or far-fetched at best. Realistically speaking, it is highly likely that more of our present generation possesses an ancient Yisra'eli bloodline than is generally believed, as intercultural marriages hundreds or thousands of years ago might very well have yielded generations of descendants today numbering in the millions. Suffice it to say that today, belonging to the House of Yisra'el is more a matter of the soul, than of the body.